Ledgerback Digital Commons Research Cooperative

Fiscal Host: Ledgerback

A nonprofit cooperative association for fostering collaboration between stakeholders and unifying the study of the internet and society

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Ledgerback Digital Commons Research Cooperative (LDCRC) members to pay for membership fees and annual dues through 40 hours of labor directed by th... Read more


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Ledgerback Digital Commons Research Cooperative (LDCRC) members to pay for membership fees and annual dues unless otherwise choosing labor.

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The LDCRC, in addition to our research, education and advocacy work, also provides research, education and knowledge solutions and services. Specif... Read more

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Past event

General Meeting

05:00 PM UTC
General meeting to over changes in the cooperative and thoughts and ideas for the future
Past event

Ledgerback's October 4th Meetup

01:00 AM UTC
An educational meetup on blockchain and cryptocurrencies
Past event

Ledgerback October 4th Meetup

01:00 AM UTC
An educational meetup on blockchain and cryptocurrencies

Ledgerback Digital Commons Research Cooperative is all of us

Our contributors 4

Thank you for supporting Ledgerback Digital Commons Research Cooperative.

Charles Adjovu

Core Contributor

Director & Researcher; Co-founder

joseph tobing

Core Contributor

Jack Smye

Core Contributor


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News from Ledgerback Digital Commons Research Cooperative

Updates on our activities and progress.

Introduction to Platform Cooperativism Mini-course: Part 1

Newly released Part 1 of our introductory mini-course on the platform cooperative movement covering platforms and cooperatvisim. You can find the slides for Part 1...
Read more
Published on November 1, 2020 by Ledgerback

Emerging Designs for Collective Governance: Part 2

New article on the Thinklusive Journal on PubPub discussing the rise of new collective action methods in citizen engagement, sense-making, participatory research, and governance systems applicable to Web3 and Platform Cooperativism. You can...
Read more
Published on November 1, 2020 by Ledgerback

Community Broadband Networks Podcast

On this issue of the Philomath Series on Musings, Charles Adjovu dives in on community broadband networks and how they are a viable and necessary alternative to for-profit, market-driven broadband networks. You can find the link...
Read more
Published on November 1, 2020 by Ledgerback



What is the Ledgerback Digital Commons Research Cooperative?

The Ledgerback Digital Commons Research Cooperative (LedgerbackØDCRC) is a nonprofit cooperative. The  LedgerbackØDCRC  is a community of academicians, researchers, students, thinkers, activists, citizens and more collaborating together to operate and manage an independent education and research center. 


 Foster collaboration between stakeholders and unify the study of the internet and society (i.e., the network society). 


A glocal society and infrastructure supported by ledgerbacked systems and thinking.


Ledgerback is the combination of "ledger" and "back." The word is dervied from combining back from greenback and ledger.

Ledgerback is a combination of "ledger" and "back." Ledger comes from the term Distributed Ledgers (which is often used interchangeably with blockchain). Back comes from the slang term "greenback."

The word is meant to recognize that we are currently in a transitory period and identifying the paradigm shifts needed to move our current system to blockchain-based systems (though, this can be expanded to the global technological commonwealth). 

We chose "Ledgerback" based on the history of the slang term "greenback." Greenback as a term arose in the mid-1800s during the US Civil War as the US Federal Government started issuing paper money on green-colored paper (hence the name greenback). There was major uncertainty at the time over whether greenbacks would be recognized as banks as legal tender, how much one greenback equated to a piece of gold, and so on. Though this period caused some turmoil, it was a transitional period that has led to our current time where we accept paper money as money without a second thought. We believe we are going through a similar transitional period, where we are moving from paper (physical) to distributed ledgers (digital), or to ledgerbacked systems, (i.e., systems that are built on top of blockchains and are backed and secured by the blockchain's inherent properties and a society pushed by blockchain values and thinking), and even greater than that, a global technological commonwealth.


Our logo is of our mascot, Scout Stork.

Ledgerback Secondary Logo


Scout Stork (the beautiful stork in our logo above and the visual representation of our cooperative) is our spiritual guide who helps guide us in finding the paths to flock together with industry, academia, movements, and citizens (or stakeholders and movements) to achieve the paradigm shifts needed to transition towards ledgerbacked systems (and towards a global technological commonwealth), and in making and disseminating knowledge to our members, interested parties, and the general public.

The name of our mascot, Scout Stork, comes from the fact we wanted an alliteration for the name, and that Scout can refer to someone who explores a new area to gain information, which we we are doing here at LedgerbackØDCRC within the network society.


Where innovation meets community.

Flock together. Change together. 

Flocking the transformational change.

Peering into the noggin. 

Brief History

Ledgerback Digital Commons Research Cooperative (formerly Ledgerback) was started as a Cooperative Association in 2018 in Las Vegas, Nevada.

The founding members wanted to tackle issues in the blockchain industry that they felt were distracting from the growth potential for the blockchain industry, and for greater community and local acceptance of blockchain applications:

  • lack of educational resources for understanding the blockchain industry

  • rise of scams, theft, and unsavory practices in the blockchain industry 

  • lack of local discussions on the blockchain industry other than financial and payments use cases

On June 6, 2018, the founding members adopted the Cooperative Bylaws, the rules by which the Cooperative operates and conducts business under. 

During the months of September and December, LedgerbackØDCRC published the first edition of its Amalgam magazine on Medium, and Ledgerback published its first blockchain market review, A Preliminary Review of Blockchain in the Music Industry, on Social Science Research Network (SSRN) and Scribd. 

Principles and Values

LedgerbackØDCRC's principles and values are inspired by open communities and cooperative-like organizations.  In addition to the cooperative principles and values espoused by the International Co-operative Alliance (ICA), the following base principles and values that apply across the network are:

  • Decentralization is a spectrum, with our goal to continually decentralize our processes

  • Member Empowerment

  • No discriminatory behavior on the basis of race, sex, age, ethnicity, national origin, disability, 

  • We are in constant development

  • Transparency and Openness is the default

  • Complexity, uncertainty, and ambiguity are natural occurrences

  • One-size fits all approaches are unlikely to be helpful

  • Egalitarianism is preferred when possible

  • Open and voluntary membership

  • Democratic member control

  • The Commons (knowledge, documentation, tools, etc.) should be freely accessible to members
  • Commons-driven: We are pushed by our collective nature and focus on collective action

  • Non-hierarchical Decision-making: Decision-making that supports individual autonomy and amplifies collective action

  • Diversity: We need and desire diverse people, methods, and approaches

  • Complexity: Complexity naturally arises in the DOTS space and should be kept in mind when evaluating topics. 

  • Systems Thinking: Don't hate the player, hate the game.

  • FLEOSS: Support and grow FLEOSS technologies and practices 

  • Open Science: Support and grow open access, open data, open scholarship, open peer review, and open publishing efforts, technologies, initiatives, and practices
  • Fairness 

Our principles and values will continue to evolve as time goes on.


  • Sensorica

  • Ouishare

  • P2P Foundation 

  • Nexus Mutual 

  • Decred

  • Santa Fe Institute

  • Internet Interdisciplinary Institute

  • Tokens Agora Meetup Group (Defunct)

  • Russell Harkanson

  • Stephanie Asao

  • RChain 

  • Resonate

  • MakerDAO

  • Althea Mesh

  • Matt Heck

  • Jessie J

  • CoinFlip

  • Ewa Fabian

  • Aragon

  • Cosmos

  • The Ready

  • The Co-oplaw

  • Enspiral

  • The Catalan Integral Cooperative

  • Nathan Schneider

  • Michael Bauwens 

  • Backfeed

  • Elinor Ostrom

  • RadicalxChange

  • P2PModels

  • Max Planck Society

  • ConcourseQ

  • Mondragon Cooperative

  • Stanford Social Innovation Review

  • Morning Star

  • Open Source Drug Discovery

  • Stephanie Asao

  • Co-op Cincy

  • L'Atelier Paysan

  • UpSocial

  • FarmHack

  • Chôra Foundation

  • Citizen Cyberlab

  • Citizen Science Center Zurich

  • Co-operative College

  • Citizens and Technology Lab (CAT Lab) at Cornell University

  • Trustlines Network 

  • Aleeza Howitt

  • MIDATA Cooperative

  • Corporation for Digital Scholarship

  • Coko

  • Radical Open Access Collective

  • Berkeley Open Infrastructure for Network Computing (BOINC)

  • Gridcoin


More Information

For more information, please refer to the Docs, the Substack Newsletter, or chat with us on Discord or Reddit

Our team

Charles Adjovu

Core Contributor

Director & Researcher; Co-founder

joseph tobing

Core Contributor

Jack Smye

Core Contributor